Yick Wo v. Hopkins
|Yick Wo v. Hopkins|
|Court||Supreme Court of the United States|
|Date decided||May 10, 1886|
|Appealed from||9th Circuit|
Yick Wo was a Chinese citizen who resided in San Francisco in the 1800s. He ran a commercial laundry.
In 1880, a city ordinance was passed requiring all laundry operators whose businesses are in wooden buildings to obtain permits from the fire warden.
In 1885, the permits of 237 out of 238 Chinese-operated laundry establishments were denied renewals. On the other hand, 80 out of 81 non-Chinese laundries were able to renew their permits.Having seen the disparate application of the ordinance, Yick Wo continued to operate his laundry in San Francisco.
Yick Wo was fined for operating without a permit. After refusing to pay the fine, he was jailed.The California Supreme Court affirmed the conviction of Yick Wo for operating his business without a permit.
Subject: Equal Protection for Non-CitizensDoes a state law that is facially neutral violate the Equal Protection Clause if that law if un-equally applied solely based on a person's race or nationality?