Wisconsin v. Yoder
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|Wisconsin v. Yoder|
|Court||Supreme Court of the United States|
|Date decided||May 15, 1972|
|Appealed from||Wisconsin Supreme Court|
In the 1970s, the state of Wisconsin had a compulsory education law for all children under the age of 16.
3 Amish parents are convicted in a Wisconsin trial court for refusing to send their children to school.Yoder (Amish parent) wins the appeal at the Wisconsin Supreme Court.
Since a significant % of Amish children leave the community after reaching the age of 18, is the ability of these young adults to thrive in the outside world hampered?
The Amish parents contend that their religious beliefs precluded from enrolling their children under the age of 16 in school?
The Free Exercise Clause of the 1st Amendment allows Amish parents to opt their children out of school after the 8th grade.However, elementary education is necessary to prepare citizens for effective participation in society. Thus, Wisconsin has a compelling state interest to make elementary education--but not secondary education--mandatory.
The Yoder holding was codified into the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993.