Sines v. Kessler
|Sines v. Kessler|
|Court||Western District of Virginia|
|Citation||324 F. Supp. 3d 765 (W.D. Va. 2018)|
|Date decided||November 23, 2021|
|Related||Brandenburg v. Ohio|
Alt-rights protesters organized a rally in Virginia to express their anger at the taking down of a Confederate statue.
Antifa counter-protesters show up on August 11th & 12th 2017 at the same site as the alt-right protesters in Virginia. The 2 sides clash.
This case was spearheaded by Roberta Kaplan. She used the KKK Act of 1871 to file a civil lawsuit against those responsible for the August 2017 Charlottesville car attack.
- Jason Kessler = "Kessler" = defendant = organizer of the 2017 march to preserve Confederate statues
- Sines = 9 plaintiffs including Sines = "Sines" = Ms. Sines recorded large segments of the protests and streamed them on FaceBook
Based on the standard of preponderance of evidence for civil trials, the jury decided in favor of the plaintiffs. All defendants named in the suit were held liable for conspiracy under Virginia state law.
Jurors had differences of opinion with regards to the federal questions under the KKK Act of 1871.
(1) Richard Spencer, (2) Jason Kessler, & (3) Christopher Cantwell were each ordered to pay $500,000 in damages.
Each neo-Nazi & white supremacist organization was ordered to pay $1,000,000 in damages.In total, the jury awarded $25,000,000 to the plaintiffs.