United States v. Virginia
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|United States v. Virginia|
|Court||U.S. Supreme Court|
|Citation||518 U.S. 515 (1996)|
|Date decided||June 26, 1996|
|Appealed from||U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit|
|majority||written by Ruth Bader Ginsburg|
joined by John P. Stevens, Sandra Day O'Connor, Anthony Kennedy, David Souter, Stephen Breyer
|concurrence||written by William H. Rehnquist|
|dissent||written by Antonin Scalia|
The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) had a male-only admission policy.The Virginia Military Institute (VMI) is a public institution.
Can VMI restrict the gender of students?
Because VMI failed to show "exceedingly persuasive justification" for its sex-based admissions policy, it violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.
Gender-based government action must be supported by "exceedingly persuasive justification."
Private single-gender college continue to exist in the US as of 2023.