Manual of Legal Citation/Books & Non-Periodicals
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R28. Full Citation for Books & Non-Periodicals[edit | edit source]
- A full citation to a book or other non-periodical is made up of the following elements:
- Volume number (if there is more than one volume).
- Names of the authors, as listed on the publication.
- For two authors, list in the same order and use an “&.”
- For more than two authors, use an “et al.” after the first name and stop there. (If you’re bored, feel free to list out all the authors with an “&” before the last.)
- Use titles that follow an author’s name (Sr.) but not titles that precede them (Hon.)
- Italicized title of the publication, capitalized as necessary.
- For law review articles, use small caps for both the title and author, and do not italicize the title.
- The exact page number you are referring to. If you are citing a work organized using sections or paragraphs, use those instead, adding a page number only if helpful.
- Year of publication, name of editor or translator (if applicable), edition (if more than one), all in parentheses.
- If listing an editor or a translator, then follow the name with ed., or trans., respectively. Include that comma before the year of publication.
- Cite the most recent edition, unless you have a really good (read: substantive) reason for citing older.
- Marc A. Franklin et al., Mass Media Law Cases and Materials 472 (8th ed. 2011).
- 1 Melville B. Nimmer & David Nimmer, Nimmer on Copyright § 1.01[B][a] at 1–14–15 (2011).
- Gabriel García Márquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude (Gregory Rabassa trans., Harper & Row 2003) (1967).
- Roger Angell, This Old Man, in The Best American Essays 2015 (Ariel Levy & Robert Atwan eds.,2015).
R29. Short Form Citation for Books & Non-Periodicals[edit | edit source]
R29.1. Id.[edit | edit source]
- References to books or non-periodical material cited in the immediately preceding citation (when that citation contains only one source) should be followed by “id.”
- Update the page number you’re referring to within that source, as needed.
- Do not use for internal cross references, or for citing back to a body of collected works when you are really supposed to be citing a single work from that body.
R29.2. supra[edit | edit source]
- Can be used instead of “id.” Supra should include:
- last name of the author
- italicize “supra”, but not the comma that follows
- update the specific page you’re referring to
Examples:[edit | edit source]
|B.F. Skinner, Beyond Freedom and Dignity 32 (2002).||Id. at 21.||Skinner, supra, at 21.|
|3 Melville Nimmer & David Nimmer, Nimmer on Copyright § 12.01 (Rev. ed. 2015)||See id. § 14.02.||See Nimmer & Nimmer, supra, § 14.02|
|Graham C. Lilly et al., Principles of Evidence 122 (6th ed. 2012)||Id. At 88–103||Lilly, supra, at 90|