Loving v. Virginia
|Loving v. Virginia|
|Court||Supreme Court of the United States|
|Date decided||June 12, 1967|
|Appealed from||Virginia Supreme Court|
|Overturned||Pace v. Alabama|
|Related||Obergefell v. Hodges|
United States v. Windsor
|Obergefell v. Hodges|
In the summer of 1958, police officers arrested an interracial couple in their bedroom in Virginia. Next, they were imprisoned in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Lovings had married in Washington DC where interracial marriage was legal in the 1950s. However, in the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Lovings had violated the Racial Integrity Act of 1924.Even in the 1950s, most states didn't ban interracial marriages. In 1966, nonetheless, 16 states--chiefly in the South--banned interracial marriages.
The Lovings pled guilty in the state court. The Lovings were banished from the Commonwealth of Virginia for 25 years.
The Lovings file a motion to vacate their convictions; they lose in the Virginia Supreme Court.
Those states that banned interracial marriage in the 1950s were in violation of the Equal Protection clause & the Due Process clause.Earl Warren wrote the unanimous opinion.