Jackson v. Metro. Edison Co.

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Jackson v. Metro. Edison Co.
Court U.S. Supreme Court
Citation 419 U.S. 345 (1974)
Date decided 1974


The respondent didn’t pay her electric bill, and the electric company shut off the electric.


Whether a person is entitled due process when dealing with private entities when the entities are monopolies or perform a function with much state regulation.


The mere fact that a business is subject to state regulation does not by itself convert its action into that of the State for purposes of the 14th amendment.

The state of Pennsylvania is not sufficiently connected with the respondent’s action in termination petitioner’s service so as to make respondent’s conduct in so doing attributable to the State for purposes of the 14th amendment.


The inquiry must be whether there is a sufficiently close nexus between the State and the challenged action of the regulated entity so that the action of the latter may be fairly treated as that of the State itself.