Federal judiciary of the United States
To bring a case before a federal court in the United States, several conditions must be met:
- Injury-in-fact; has there been an actual harm?
- Causation of injury is based on the defendant's conduct
- Redressability means that there is a remedy for the injury or wrong; there is a relief
Article 3 standing is a Constitutional requirement. A general grievance of a party without a traceable harm is not a cognizable interest for a plaintiff.
Military courts[edit | edit source]
Military courts to try members of the military are authorized by the federal Congress. These types of courts are non-Article III federal courts.